Drawings

24 07 2013

The idea here is simply about giving the impression and indication for works on site

However the elements that go into place for this production takes many accounts such as :-
1. Understanding of the construction methods
2. Dept of design intend that is planned to be
3. Level of neatness that is intended
4. Level of control one may wish to have
5. Level of use this drawing is intend
6. Variations / flexibility that one may want to have

As such, it is crucial for anyone wanting to be a good architect to have a very well thought through design prior to any attempt to present them

Many stages of revisions and planning will take place which are always frustrating but however it is worth it all when its completed

A sense of being a creator as it realizes a dream

Keep the passion and keep the mindfulness of one’s ideas as this is core in any good design: a good drawing

🙂





A quick move-on

24 07 2013

If everyone had any matter of substance, living a life can be automated which is why it can be stressful to be considerate

Moral- do what ever that pleases YOURSELF





Gestalt’s

27 08 2009
The theory of Gestalt or gestaltism (German: Gestalt – “shape” or “figure”) of the Berlin School is a theory of mind and brain positing that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies, or that the whole is different from the sum of its parts. The Gestalt effect refers to the form-forming capability of our senses, particularly with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of simple lines and curves. In psychology, gestaltism is often opposed to structuralism and Wundt. Often times, the phrase “The whole is greater than the sum of the parts” is used when explaining Gestalt theory.
Framework
The investigations developed at the beginning of the 20th century, based on traditional scientific methodology, divided the object of study into a set of elements that could be analyzed separately with the objective of reducing the complexity of this object. Contrary to this methodology, the school of Gestalt practiced a series of theoretical and methodological principles that attempted to redefine the approach to psychological research.
The theoretical principles are the following:
Principle of Totality – The conscious experience must be considered globally (by taking into account all the physical and mental aspects of the individual simultaneously) because the nature of the mind demands that each component be considered as part of a system of dynamic relationships.
Principle of psychophysical isomorphism – A correlation exists between conscious experience and cerebral activity.
Based on the principles above the following methodological principles are defined:
Phenomenon Experimental Analysis – In relation to the Totality Principle any psychological research should take as a starting point phenomena and not be solely focused on sensory qualities.
Biotic Experiment – The School of Gestalt established a need to conduct real experiments which sharply contrasted with and opposed classic laboratory experiments. This signified experimenting in natural situations, developed in real conditions, in which it would be possible to reproduce, with higher fidelity, what would be habitual for a subject.
Properties
The key principles of Gestalt systems are emergence, reification, multistability and invariance
Emergence
This is demonstrated by the perception of the Dog Picture, which depicts a Dalmatian dog sniffing the ground in the shade of overhanging trees. The dog is not recognized by first identifying its parts (feet, ears, nose, tail, etc.), and then inferring the dog from those component parts. Instead, the dog is perceived as a whole, all at once. However, this is a description of what occurs in vision and not an explanation. Gestalt theory does not explain how the percept of a dog emerges.
Reification
This  is the constructive or generative aspect of perception, by which the experienced percept contains more explicit spatial information than the sensory stimulus on which it is based.
For instance, a triangle will be perceived in picture A, although no triangle has actually been drawn. In pictures B and D the eye will recognize disparate shapes as “belonging” to a single shape, in C a complete three-dimensional shape is seen, where in actuality no such thing is drawn.
Reification can be explained by progress in the study of illusory contours, which are treated by the visual system as “real” contours.
Multistability
Or multistable perception is the tendency of ambiguous perceptual experiences to pop back and forth unstably between two or more alternative interpretations. This is seen for example in the Necker cube, and in Rubin’s Figure / Vase illusion shown to the left. Other examples include the ‘three-pronged widget’ and artist M. C. Escher’s artwork and the appearance of flashing marquee lights moving first one direction and then suddenly the other. Again, Gestalt does not explain how images appear multistable, only that they do.
Invariance
The property of perception whereby simple geometrical objects are recognized independent of rotation, translation, and scale; as well as several other variations such as elastic deformations, different lighting, and different component features. For example, the objects in A in the figure are all immediately recognized as the same basic shape, which are immediately distinguishable from the forms in B. They are even recognized despite perspective and elastic deformations as in C, and when depicted using different graphic elements as in D. Computational theories of vision, such as those by David Marr, have had more success in explaining how objects are classified.
Prägnanz
The fundamental principle of gestalt perception is the law of prägnanz (German for pithiness) which says that we tend to order our experience in a manner that is regular, orderly, symmetric, and simple. Gestalt psychologists attempt to discover refinements of the law of prägnanz, and this involves writing down laws which hypothetically allow us to predict the interpretation of sensation, what are often called “gestalt laws, These include:
Law of Closure — The mind may experience elements it does not perceive through sensation, in order to complete a regular figure (that is, to increase regularity).
Law of Similarity — The mind groups similar elements into collective entities or totalities. This similarity might depend on relationships of form, color, size, or brightness.
Law of Proximity — Spatial or temporal proximity of elements may induce the mind to perceive a collective or totality.
Law of Symmetry (Figure ground relationships)— Symmetrical images are perceived collectively, even in spite of distance.
Law of Continuity — The mind continues visual, auditory, and kinetic patterns.
Law of Common Fate — Elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.
It’s a play with the view and perception, much like a positive negative figure or more of an elemental contrast

The theory of Gestalt or gestaltism (German: Gestalt – “shape” or “figure”) of the Berlin School is a theory of mind and brain positing that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies, or that the whole is different from the sum of its parts. The Gestalt effect refers to the form-forming capability of our senses, particularly with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of simple lines and curves. In psychology, gestaltism is often opposed to structuralism and Wundt. Often times, the phrase “The whole is greater than the sum of the parts” is used when explaining Gestalt theory.

Framework

The investigations developed at the beginning of the 20th century, based on traditional scientific methodology, divided the object of study into a set of elements that could be analyzed separately with the objective of reducing the complexity of this object. Contrary to this methodology, the school of Gestalt practiced a series of theoretical and methodological principles that attempted to redefine the approach to psychological research.

The theoretical principles are the following:

Principle of Totality – The conscious experience must be considered globally (by taking into account all the physical and mental aspects of the individual simultaneously) because the nature of the mind demands that each component be considered as part of a system of dynamic relationships.

Principle of psychophysical isomorphism – A correlation exists between conscious experience and cerebral activity.

Based on the principles above the following methodological principles are defined:

Phenomenon Experimental Analysis – In relation to the Totality Principle any psychological research should take as a starting point phenomena and not be solely focused on sensory qualities.

Biotic Experiment – The School of Gestalt established a need to conduct real experiments which sharply contrasted with and opposed classic laboratory experiments. This signified experimenting in natural situations, developed in real conditions, in which it would be possible to reproduce, with higher fidelity, what would be habitual for a subject.

Properties

The key principles of Gestalt systems are emergence, reification, multistability and invariance

Emergence

Emergence

This is demonstrated by the perception of the Dog Picture, which depicts a Dalmatian dog sniffing the ground in the shade of overhanging trees. The dog is not recognized by first identifying its parts (feet, ears, nose, tail, etc.), and then inferring the dog from those component parts. Instead, the dog is perceived as a whole, all at once. However, this is a description of what occurs in vision and not an explanation. Gestalt theory does not explain how the percept of a dog emerges.

Reification

Reification

This  is the constructive or generative aspect of perception, by which the experienced percept contains more explicit spatial information than the sensory stimulus on which it is based.

For instance, a triangle will be perceived in picture A, although no triangle has actually been drawn. In pictures B and D the eye will recognize disparate shapes as “belonging” to a single shape, in C a complete three-dimensional shape is seen, where in actuality no such thing is drawn.

Reification can be explained by progress in the study of illusory contours, which are treated by the visual system as “real” contours.

Multistability

744px-Multistability.svg

Or multistable perception is the tendency of ambiguous perceptual experiences to pop back and forth unstably between two or more alternative interpretations. This is seen for example in the Necker cube, and in Rubin’s Figure / Vase illusion shown to the left. Other examples include the ‘three-pronged widget’ and artist M. C. Escher’s artwork and the appearance of flashing marquee lights moving first one direction and then suddenly the other. Again, Gestalt does not explain how images appear multistable, only that they do.

Invariance

Invariance c

The property of perception whereby simple geometrical objects are recognized independent of rotation, translation, and scale; as well as several other variations such as elastic deformations, different lighting, and different component features. For example, the objects in A in the figure are all immediately recognized as the same basic shape, which are immediately distinguishable from the forms in B. They are even recognized despite perspective and elastic deformations as in C, and when depicted using different graphic elements as in D. Computational theories of vision, such as those by David Marr, have had more success in explaining how objects are classified

Prägnanz

The fundamental principle of gestalt perception is the law of prägnanz (German for pithiness) which says that we tend to order our experience in a manner that is regular, orderly, symmetric, and simple. Gestalt psychologists attempt to discover refinements of the law of prägnanz, and this involves writing down laws which hypothetically allow us to predict the interpretation of sensation, what are often called “gestalt laws, These include:

Law of Closure — The mind may experience elements it does not perceive through sensation, in order to complete a regular figure (that is, to increase regularity).

Gestalt_ley_de_cierre

Law of Similarity — The mind groups similar elements into collective entities or totalities. This similarity might depend on relationships of form, color, size, or brightness.

Gestalt_ley_de_semejanza

Law of Proximity — Spatial or temporal proximity of elements may induce the mind to perceive a collective or totality.

Gestalt_ley_de_proximidad

Law of Symmetry (Figure ground relationships)— Symmetrical images are perceived collectively, even in spite of distance.

Law of Continuity — The mind continues visual, auditory, and kinetic patterns.

Law of Common Fate — Elements with the same moving direction are perceived as a collective or unit.

It’s a play with the view and perception, much like a positive negative figure or more of an elemental contrast. . .





Basic Elements

9 01 2008

The Elements

These elements are the bare essentials and hold the greatest importance in a work. There are 6 main elements and form, space are some of them. The other 5 more elements include dot, line, shape, texture, and colour. All works should incorporate these elements in the design because it defines the creation on the platform of art and functionality it stands on.

 

Dot

A dot is a mark that is shows the beginning of a work or the end of it. It is the very basic element whereby an art work or a design starts. Nothing will be done without the dots. It’s the basic. One dot marks a point where people will look and concentrate at as it directs attentions. Dots are used to amplify perception and it does not mean one dot, a dot in architecture can mean a center or a mole or a concentration of forms or objects near or close together. Dots that are aligned together create a line. Dots are use to create feel or texture to create form, space and texture. Dots are used to create tones and more. One dot is a point, a number of dots create different elements that are important to showcase a design. A dot does not mean that it is rounded, it dot can have any shape imaginable. A dot just means a point or a mark and that mark could be a circle, triangular, square or uneven shapes. The main purpose of the dot is there regardless of its shape.

dots.jpg

Line

A line is a combination of a series of dots that are continuous, with an exact distance in between each dot. They are a number of lines that are all around us, they vary from size of its thickness to the smoothness of the line: lines can be jagged, twisted, bold or anything.  Line can be the outer layer of a form. It defines a shape and also space. Lines creates shapes, Lines could also show texture, lines creates patterns, Lines create color tones, lines create texture and space, line creates form and texture, line creates form and patterns and most importantly lines creates form and space. By using the right lines in a work, you are able to create something that has all of the elements which include the above: form, texture, tone, pattern, space and movement.

They are many materials that creates lines, from pencils, ball point pens, brushes, technical pens, or even charred coal.  Line shows emotions or has a theme with the intended stroke that has been done. Rough line shows masculinity, strength, and power. Fine line shows sensitivity, sharpness and speed. Lines with edges reflect worries, in-stability, un-finished works. Fine wavy lines shows softness, flexibility, happiness, and fluidity. They way lines are done tell a meaning and that is what architecture is, it should be able to relate to people.

A combination of lines tell a different theme when they are put together. Take for example with a combination of straight, rough, and fine lines that are arrange in vertical, horizontal and twisted will create a image that is energetic, strong and accurate.

If fine lines were use instead, where the line is allowed to flow freely creates an image that is smooth, quiet, peaceful and stylish.

Lines that are horizontal normally reflect peacefulness, and serenity: these lines regardless of the thickness or appearance are flat. The architecture term horizontality refers to the landscape and the building being flat and long allowing the building to be with nature and the surrounding, it does not seem to challenge nature. Straight lines are dominant in showing horizontality, and horizontality means humbleness and closeness to the surroundings. s

Vertical lines are lines that are straight up, these lines shows strength, and stability. Verticality in architecture means that a building is there to make a statement and to challenge the norm. It is a strong bold element that contrast the surrounding.

Lines with points, angles or edges show direction. It shows the focus point of the movement that should be followed. These lines are used in directing to an important space of order. It serves as a sign and movement.

Lines that are radiating from a center, these lines give an impression that of an energy source, light and attention. It radiates from an important center to allow the impression for us to concentrate on the center. It could show direction, movement and connection. Its is a node and shows importance.

lines.jpg

Shape

Shape is the creation when the end of a line meets the start of that line itself. Shape can be just a flat plane that is surrounded by outer line and does not hold any mass. Shape is perceived as an idea of the form or how it looks. Shape is composed in positive and negative shapes. Positive shapes mean the shape of the object on the area it is located. Negative shapes is the shape of the area the object is on. Normally to emphasize on the object or area, they are usually darken to show concentration.

There are 2 types of shapes, Geometrical and Organic Shapes. Geometrical Shapes are shapes that have exact angles at every edges and they are design to be that way, they were done on intention. These shapes include circles, squares, triangles, rectangles etc

Organic Shapes are shapes that does not have a proper angle to its edge and are made to be natural. They were not intended to be that way and usually drawn with the guidance of intuition and free-handed.

The arrangement of shapes in repetition creates a pattern using the grid method. Taking one simple pattern of geometrical shape and differentiating the next pattern by using its negative shape. Arrange them one after the other and repeating the pattern will create a motif as a whole.

Patterns that are interesting are based on one shape that is identical and this could be created by using techniques such as separation, touching, over-lapping, see-through over-lapping and anything that you believe could create a new motif or pattern.

Shape can be developed more by using 3 simple techniques. Over-lapping, Adding, and Subtracting.

Shapes can be simplified from the original shape to form logos. These logos are normally presented in negative or positive shapes.

shape.jpg

Form

From the evolution of dot, to lines, and to shape; it evolved from 1 dimension (dot &line) to 2 dimension (shape) and form is the 3 dimensional combination of the previous products. Form has an area, height, mass and more then one surface. The outline is a forms structure and form will have a different perspective from different point of view, front, left, right, rear, top and bottom. In terms of presentation of form, it is done by using a few elements such as lines, renderings, texture and tone value.

They are 2 types of forms, the Concrete form and the Illusion form.

Concrete Form is the form of the real object it self. It is a 3 dimensional character which mean that I can be seen, touch, and feel.

Illusion Form is the form that is 2 dimensional in characteristic whereby you can only see. This type of form uses elements such as texture, rendering, lines and color tones to create the shape and from on a piece of paper.

form.jpg

Texture

Normally we define texture as feel of the surface of an object. Texture is everywhere from every material and object whether it was man-made or natural. Texture give a sense of individuality on the material and using the right material on a design will help emphasize and create a feel that is called home or anything that the space is design for. Texture tells a whole lot more then just feel, it tells emotions and thoughts. Rough edges tells of anger and masculinity,  and smooth surfaces is the opposite.

There are 2 types of texture. Texture that you can feel and texture on paper whereby you can see but you cant touch. Some paintings are made to be touchable and felt.

Textures that could be felt are like sculptures, assemblage, collage, embroidery, etc

Textures that are made to be seen are like paintings and drawings.

Using texture in architecture creates the feel that all of us need which is to feel belonged and trusted. Using the right material to design is important thus learning and understanding the materials make a difference in design concepts and presentation.   

Color

Color is the most important element in the creation of a work. Color has the power to influence and brings out our feelings. Take for example, bright colors creates a sense of joy and happiness. Dark and gloomy colors create a sense of sadness and dread.

There are 3 groups of colors that are dominant in the color wheel. Primer Colors, Secondary Colors and Tertiary Colors.

Primer Colors

The Primer Colors or Basic Colors are the main colors that everything exists on. It is always perceived as the strongest and powerful colors and there are used in logos, posters and ads that needs to have energy and strong statements. The primer colors are Red, Blue, and Yellow. These three are the core colors whereby they are unable to be generated by mixing other colors together to produce it. No combination of colors can create any of the core colors and thus they are known as the Primer Colors simply because they are the original colors.

prime-colors.jpg

Secondary colors

Secondary colors as its name state, are the combination of the primer colors to produce another color. There are 3 secondary colors, orange, Purple, and green. Orange is the product of mixing yellow + red, Purple/ indigo is the mix of blue +red, and green is the product of blue+ Yellow. The mixture ratios for the colors are equal. The secondary colors are dap with a decline in its power, yet it is brighter then the tertiary lines.

second-color.jpg

Tertiary Colors.

Tertiary  Colors are made from combining the secondary and the primer colors together and usually with the color next to one another. There are 6 colors on the tertiary line, light green: green + yellow, Light orange: Orange + Yellow, orange red: red + orange, violet: purple + Red, indigo: blue + purple, dark Green: blue + green. The tertiary colors creates a sense of softness and has the ability to lower the intensity of the primer and secondary colors if they are used together in a good composition.

third-colors.jpg

Color Composition

There are 3 groups of color composition: Harmonious Colors, Contrast Colors and Tonal Colors.

Harmonious Colors are known as a set of colors alike and are located next to each other on the color wheel. These colors are able to create a comfortable feel, interesting, and also a balance environment.

harmonious-colors.jpg

Contrast Colors  are sets of colors that are located on the opposite of each other on the color wheel. These colors when put together will create a refreshing and energetic feel. It creates a contra, vibe, and movement.  It’s a perfect media to use to create a statement and to relay an idea across fast because it attract attentions.

contrast-colors.jpg

Tonal Colors are also known as Monochrome colors and it is made out of one color but in different tones ranging from the softest to the darkest tone. The more white is used to lower the tone value and to increase the value black is used. This color composition creates a harmonious and comfortable vibe but will be a boring sight after sometime.

tonal-colors.jpg

Color Value.

The value of a colors are divided into 3 groups: color tones, chromo colors, and neutral colors

Color Tones are the effects of the light beams that effects a colors tone from the brightest to the darkest.  It’s the same with tonal colors where white and black are used to create different color values, the lightest value contains more white and the darkest contains the most black. Color tones are very important and useful in producing space and 3 dimensional spaces.

Chromo Colors is the creation from mixing 2 contrast colors in certain ratios that creates a tonal value that flows from the two colors. Chromo colors creates a dull color from the original colors and these colors are used to show longings, sadness and are able to bring back the nostalgic feel.

Neutral Colors normally refers to black and white. Black and White are neutral because they have no strength and power yet they are able to lower or increase a colors value. The two colors have value when mixed together and the tone value change from white to black, where white turns into grey and to turns into black. Neutral Colors also mean chromo colors where the creation from both mixtures produced colors that have lost the originality of its core colors. Neutral Colors are colors that have no power or strength but it has the ability to lower the intensity of other colors when composed well with other colors. Neutral colors are powerless but they are able to create a comfortable and less stressing environment.

color-values.jpg

Color Temperatures

The temperature of colors are felt through the emotion of the viewer and occupants. There are 2 color temperatures: Hot Colors and Cold Colors.

Hot Colors are colors that are bright and vibrant which creates a strong, bold and hot vibe. These colors are shades of yellow, orange, and red. Hot colors are used to show anger, rage, unevenness and to portray mess, madness etc.

Cold Colors are colors that cold to the eye, they are not strong, gentle, soothing and pleasant. These colors range from the shades of green, blue, and purple. Cold colors create a fresh, cold, distant, and sad feel. Normally to show great emotions.

color-tempretures.jpg

Color Action

When a color is put on a background that is different will create a different feel but when 2 colors create a contrast combination it is called a Positive Action. But when 2 colors create a tone and feel that are almost identical it is called a Negative Action. Positive is when the color overwhelms the background and Negative is when the background takes over the color put on it. The composition of color to create the right action is important to stress on an idea and to relay a message.

color-action.jpg

Perspective Colors

Perspective colors are colors that creates an illusion of space, distance, and most importantly perspective. Objects that are close are clear and dark in tone where farther objects have blurrier images with a brighter tone. A good perspective effect is with the use of harmonious colors and tonal colors. Understanding tone value and the use can create works that capture eyes around.

perspective-colors.jpg





Space

8 01 2008

Space is the definition of the void that is covered, gated by walls or forms around it. The term space can be seen through the distance between 2 objects, the size of an opening or the perception of what has been created between or  within it. In the context of art the difference of size and distance from each other creates a shift or difference in position and also composition. In architecture this is defined by t he perspective view and the distance from one opening to the other. Forms play a vital role in the creation of space. Space is important in architecture simply because it is not only seen and felt but it is the void that people interact and live in, it is the void that makes the largest importance to the condition we perceive as comfort, leisure,  warmth, home, work station or retail spaces.  By creating a space architects create a purpose.

zuschauer.gif

Virtual Architecture and Light simulation

 They are 2 types of space: Reality Spaces and Visual Spaces.

Reality Spaces or solid spaces are defined from solid and hard objects that created the spaces. This form of space is all created in 3 D forms. Thus the realism of the space are strong. This is the type of space that architecture deals with, reality and solid.

Visual Spaces are spaces created on a 2D base, on paintings or prints. This form of space is to show the space but only could be enjoyed by one sense which is sight.   

Space is how we perceive living conditions. . . .

Space is also shown from the point of colour tones. Dark colours are more amplified on top of a bright background and so does bright colours stand up on top of the dark backgrounds. The progression of the tones from dark to the brighter shades creates a movement from the furthest (the dark) to that of the nearest (the bright). This are shown in forms of perspectives, one point perspective and two point perspectives. These perspectives show the detail of the building and how it relates to the forms it design to be. This is a visual view and it is imaginary yet the sense of space exists. This is the beauty of perspectives because it made what is imaginary come to life for the world to see before it is completed. Spaces on top of paper are visual but it relates to the actual form. Mastering perspective drawings and presentation will be helpful in presenting a good design.

www.boingboing.net





Form

8 01 2008

Form is a creation of the meeting point from a line that meets back at the point of its origin, it is physical and it is also the look of the structure or in other words how people perceive the appearance. There are many forms that could be perceived.  But generally form is divided into 2: geometrical and organic forms.

geo-or.jpg

Solid forms or geometrical forms:  such as cube, cuboids, sphere, pyramid, cone, octagon, and the list goes on. They are known as geometrical forms because they were intended to be that way, they were design to be persist and if divided equally meets up symmetrically to each other.

 Un-even forms or organic forms:  is an abstract form with no symmetry to any part of the object.  The form is free, no exact degree at any corner, and design in a spontaneous way.

 

These are the two important forms that are strong in design. These two are dominant in the designs of houses and shelters. These designs were derived from combining simple geometrical forms together to create new forms or subtracting them to create space or different forms to accommodate or to create function. At times organic forms were used in buildings to create a statement and also to start a new bold revolution in contrast of the norm. It’s all up to the theme needed to be presented in the design where the design should be able to tell a story or to relate to the occupant. It should be strong and forms in architecture made it possible to be one with the owner or a theme it is intended to thus creating a sense of belonging.

Other forms include:

Positive and Negative Forms,

.jpg

Negative                                                               Positive

Subtracting and Adding forms

add-sub.jpg

Touching and Separated Forms

seperate-touch.jpg

Positive Forms is the form that is within an area, as it stands out

Negative Forms is the form of the area around the form that stands out.

Subtracted Forms is a subtraction, division, deduction or cutting of an area out if the original state of the form that produced a new form.

Additional Forms is the opposite of Subtracted Form and this include adding, multiplying, dumping, piling etc to form a new object.

Touching Forms is perceived when 2 different objects meet at one point on each other’s side. This connection creates a new form as they are now one. It could also mean when an object is seen through from another object, the combination of this creates a new form.

Separated Forms is when a group of forms were put together at a base and some of these forms were move from its original position thus creating a shift of forms from every perspective angle and this separation is called separated Forms (this is different from subtraction forms where an object is subtracted, in separation objects were moved away from each other and the form that is seen is larger then just one object)

the use of form to create space for living…

www.e-architect.co.uk/spain/





Design

8 01 2008

Design is a vital aspect in Architecture. It holds the purpose to relay an idea and also to showcase the perception or the theme it is intended to. Design does not solely involve the structure and facade of a building but design covers all aspects from the foundation to the tip of the roof and finishes in a building. Every detail has to be taken great consideration to create a building with a signature style and identity. Every building is unique in its own way and architects will go to great lengths to create a building like no other. Design involves the prospects of human form and proportion, comfort, space, form and technicality. The main purpose of this consideration is to provide comfort to the inhabitants. Having a maximum space or height and also form of space can create a different feel, Architects designs the building to accommodate these considerations, to provide a good feel and also to serve the occupants for as long as possible.

www.adf.co.uk








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