Basic Elements

9 01 2008

The Elements

These elements are the bare essentials and hold the greatest importance in a work. There are 6 main elements and form, space are some of them. The other 5 more elements include dot, line, shape, texture, and colour. All works should incorporate these elements in the design because it defines the creation on the platform of art and functionality it stands on.



A dot is a mark that is shows the beginning of a work or the end of it. It is the very basic element whereby an art work or a design starts. Nothing will be done without the dots. It’s the basic. One dot marks a point where people will look and concentrate at as it directs attentions. Dots are used to amplify perception and it does not mean one dot, a dot in architecture can mean a center or a mole or a concentration of forms or objects near or close together. Dots that are aligned together create a line. Dots are use to create feel or texture to create form, space and texture. Dots are used to create tones and more. One dot is a point, a number of dots create different elements that are important to showcase a design. A dot does not mean that it is rounded, it dot can have any shape imaginable. A dot just means a point or a mark and that mark could be a circle, triangular, square or uneven shapes. The main purpose of the dot is there regardless of its shape.



A line is a combination of a series of dots that are continuous, with an exact distance in between each dot. They are a number of lines that are all around us, they vary from size of its thickness to the smoothness of the line: lines can be jagged, twisted, bold or anything.  Line can be the outer layer of a form. It defines a shape and also space. Lines creates shapes, Lines could also show texture, lines creates patterns, Lines create color tones, lines create texture and space, line creates form and texture, line creates form and patterns and most importantly lines creates form and space. By using the right lines in a work, you are able to create something that has all of the elements which include the above: form, texture, tone, pattern, space and movement.

They are many materials that creates lines, from pencils, ball point pens, brushes, technical pens, or even charred coal.  Line shows emotions or has a theme with the intended stroke that has been done. Rough line shows masculinity, strength, and power. Fine line shows sensitivity, sharpness and speed. Lines with edges reflect worries, in-stability, un-finished works. Fine wavy lines shows softness, flexibility, happiness, and fluidity. They way lines are done tell a meaning and that is what architecture is, it should be able to relate to people.

A combination of lines tell a different theme when they are put together. Take for example with a combination of straight, rough, and fine lines that are arrange in vertical, horizontal and twisted will create a image that is energetic, strong and accurate.

If fine lines were use instead, where the line is allowed to flow freely creates an image that is smooth, quiet, peaceful and stylish.

Lines that are horizontal normally reflect peacefulness, and serenity: these lines regardless of the thickness or appearance are flat. The architecture term horizontality refers to the landscape and the building being flat and long allowing the building to be with nature and the surrounding, it does not seem to challenge nature. Straight lines are dominant in showing horizontality, and horizontality means humbleness and closeness to the surroundings. s

Vertical lines are lines that are straight up, these lines shows strength, and stability. Verticality in architecture means that a building is there to make a statement and to challenge the norm. It is a strong bold element that contrast the surrounding.

Lines with points, angles or edges show direction. It shows the focus point of the movement that should be followed. These lines are used in directing to an important space of order. It serves as a sign and movement.

Lines that are radiating from a center, these lines give an impression that of an energy source, light and attention. It radiates from an important center to allow the impression for us to concentrate on the center. It could show direction, movement and connection. Its is a node and shows importance.



Shape is the creation when the end of a line meets the start of that line itself. Shape can be just a flat plane that is surrounded by outer line and does not hold any mass. Shape is perceived as an idea of the form or how it looks. Shape is composed in positive and negative shapes. Positive shapes mean the shape of the object on the area it is located. Negative shapes is the shape of the area the object is on. Normally to emphasize on the object or area, they are usually darken to show concentration.

There are 2 types of shapes, Geometrical and Organic Shapes. Geometrical Shapes are shapes that have exact angles at every edges and they are design to be that way, they were done on intention. These shapes include circles, squares, triangles, rectangles etc

Organic Shapes are shapes that does not have a proper angle to its edge and are made to be natural. They were not intended to be that way and usually drawn with the guidance of intuition and free-handed.

The arrangement of shapes in repetition creates a pattern using the grid method. Taking one simple pattern of geometrical shape and differentiating the next pattern by using its negative shape. Arrange them one after the other and repeating the pattern will create a motif as a whole.

Patterns that are interesting are based on one shape that is identical and this could be created by using techniques such as separation, touching, over-lapping, see-through over-lapping and anything that you believe could create a new motif or pattern.

Shape can be developed more by using 3 simple techniques. Over-lapping, Adding, and Subtracting.

Shapes can be simplified from the original shape to form logos. These logos are normally presented in negative or positive shapes.



From the evolution of dot, to lines, and to shape; it evolved from 1 dimension (dot &line) to 2 dimension (shape) and form is the 3 dimensional combination of the previous products. Form has an area, height, mass and more then one surface. The outline is a forms structure and form will have a different perspective from different point of view, front, left, right, rear, top and bottom. In terms of presentation of form, it is done by using a few elements such as lines, renderings, texture and tone value.

They are 2 types of forms, the Concrete form and the Illusion form.

Concrete Form is the form of the real object it self. It is a 3 dimensional character which mean that I can be seen, touch, and feel.

Illusion Form is the form that is 2 dimensional in characteristic whereby you can only see. This type of form uses elements such as texture, rendering, lines and color tones to create the shape and from on a piece of paper.



Normally we define texture as feel of the surface of an object. Texture is everywhere from every material and object whether it was man-made or natural. Texture give a sense of individuality on the material and using the right material on a design will help emphasize and create a feel that is called home or anything that the space is design for. Texture tells a whole lot more then just feel, it tells emotions and thoughts. Rough edges tells of anger and masculinity,  and smooth surfaces is the opposite.

There are 2 types of texture. Texture that you can feel and texture on paper whereby you can see but you cant touch. Some paintings are made to be touchable and felt.

Textures that could be felt are like sculptures, assemblage, collage, embroidery, etc

Textures that are made to be seen are like paintings and drawings.

Using texture in architecture creates the feel that all of us need which is to feel belonged and trusted. Using the right material to design is important thus learning and understanding the materials make a difference in design concepts and presentation.   


Color is the most important element in the creation of a work. Color has the power to influence and brings out our feelings. Take for example, bright colors creates a sense of joy and happiness. Dark and gloomy colors create a sense of sadness and dread.

There are 3 groups of colors that are dominant in the color wheel. Primer Colors, Secondary Colors and Tertiary Colors.

Primer Colors

The Primer Colors or Basic Colors are the main colors that everything exists on. It is always perceived as the strongest and powerful colors and there are used in logos, posters and ads that needs to have energy and strong statements. The primer colors are Red, Blue, and Yellow. These three are the core colors whereby they are unable to be generated by mixing other colors together to produce it. No combination of colors can create any of the core colors and thus they are known as the Primer Colors simply because they are the original colors.


Secondary colors

Secondary colors as its name state, are the combination of the primer colors to produce another color. There are 3 secondary colors, orange, Purple, and green. Orange is the product of mixing yellow + red, Purple/ indigo is the mix of blue +red, and green is the product of blue+ Yellow. The mixture ratios for the colors are equal. The secondary colors are dap with a decline in its power, yet it is brighter then the tertiary lines.


Tertiary Colors.

Tertiary  Colors are made from combining the secondary and the primer colors together and usually with the color next to one another. There are 6 colors on the tertiary line, light green: green + yellow, Light orange: Orange + Yellow, orange red: red + orange, violet: purple + Red, indigo: blue + purple, dark Green: blue + green. The tertiary colors creates a sense of softness and has the ability to lower the intensity of the primer and secondary colors if they are used together in a good composition.


Color Composition

There are 3 groups of color composition: Harmonious Colors, Contrast Colors and Tonal Colors.

Harmonious Colors are known as a set of colors alike and are located next to each other on the color wheel. These colors are able to create a comfortable feel, interesting, and also a balance environment.


Contrast Colors  are sets of colors that are located on the opposite of each other on the color wheel. These colors when put together will create a refreshing and energetic feel. It creates a contra, vibe, and movement.  It’s a perfect media to use to create a statement and to relay an idea across fast because it attract attentions.


Tonal Colors are also known as Monochrome colors and it is made out of one color but in different tones ranging from the softest to the darkest tone. The more white is used to lower the tone value and to increase the value black is used. This color composition creates a harmonious and comfortable vibe but will be a boring sight after sometime.


Color Value.

The value of a colors are divided into 3 groups: color tones, chromo colors, and neutral colors

Color Tones are the effects of the light beams that effects a colors tone from the brightest to the darkest.  It’s the same with tonal colors where white and black are used to create different color values, the lightest value contains more white and the darkest contains the most black. Color tones are very important and useful in producing space and 3 dimensional spaces.

Chromo Colors is the creation from mixing 2 contrast colors in certain ratios that creates a tonal value that flows from the two colors. Chromo colors creates a dull color from the original colors and these colors are used to show longings, sadness and are able to bring back the nostalgic feel.

Neutral Colors normally refers to black and white. Black and White are neutral because they have no strength and power yet they are able to lower or increase a colors value. The two colors have value when mixed together and the tone value change from white to black, where white turns into grey and to turns into black. Neutral Colors also mean chromo colors where the creation from both mixtures produced colors that have lost the originality of its core colors. Neutral Colors are colors that have no power or strength but it has the ability to lower the intensity of other colors when composed well with other colors. Neutral colors are powerless but they are able to create a comfortable and less stressing environment.


Color Temperatures

The temperature of colors are felt through the emotion of the viewer and occupants. There are 2 color temperatures: Hot Colors and Cold Colors.

Hot Colors are colors that are bright and vibrant which creates a strong, bold and hot vibe. These colors are shades of yellow, orange, and red. Hot colors are used to show anger, rage, unevenness and to portray mess, madness etc.

Cold Colors are colors that cold to the eye, they are not strong, gentle, soothing and pleasant. These colors range from the shades of green, blue, and purple. Cold colors create a fresh, cold, distant, and sad feel. Normally to show great emotions.


Color Action

When a color is put on a background that is different will create a different feel but when 2 colors create a contrast combination it is called a Positive Action. But when 2 colors create a tone and feel that are almost identical it is called a Negative Action. Positive is when the color overwhelms the background and Negative is when the background takes over the color put on it. The composition of color to create the right action is important to stress on an idea and to relay a message.


Perspective Colors

Perspective colors are colors that creates an illusion of space, distance, and most importantly perspective. Objects that are close are clear and dark in tone where farther objects have blurrier images with a brighter tone. A good perspective effect is with the use of harmonious colors and tonal colors. Understanding tone value and the use can create works that capture eyes around.




8 01 2008

Space is the definition of the void that is covered, gated by walls or forms around it. The term space can be seen through the distance between 2 objects, the size of an opening or the perception of what has been created between or  within it. In the context of art the difference of size and distance from each other creates a shift or difference in position and also composition. In architecture this is defined by t he perspective view and the distance from one opening to the other. Forms play a vital role in the creation of space. Space is important in architecture simply because it is not only seen and felt but it is the void that people interact and live in, it is the void that makes the largest importance to the condition we perceive as comfort, leisure,  warmth, home, work station or retail spaces.  By creating a space architects create a purpose.


Virtual Architecture and Light simulation

 They are 2 types of space: Reality Spaces and Visual Spaces.

Reality Spaces or solid spaces are defined from solid and hard objects that created the spaces. This form of space is all created in 3 D forms. Thus the realism of the space are strong. This is the type of space that architecture deals with, reality and solid.

Visual Spaces are spaces created on a 2D base, on paintings or prints. This form of space is to show the space but only could be enjoyed by one sense which is sight.   

Space is how we perceive living conditions. . . .

Space is also shown from the point of colour tones. Dark colours are more amplified on top of a bright background and so does bright colours stand up on top of the dark backgrounds. The progression of the tones from dark to the brighter shades creates a movement from the furthest (the dark) to that of the nearest (the bright). This are shown in forms of perspectives, one point perspective and two point perspectives. These perspectives show the detail of the building and how it relates to the forms it design to be. This is a visual view and it is imaginary yet the sense of space exists. This is the beauty of perspectives because it made what is imaginary come to life for the world to see before it is completed. Spaces on top of paper are visual but it relates to the actual form. Mastering perspective drawings and presentation will be helpful in presenting a good design.


8 01 2008

Form is a creation of the meeting point from a line that meets back at the point of its origin, it is physical and it is also the look of the structure or in other words how people perceive the appearance. There are many forms that could be perceived.  But generally form is divided into 2: geometrical and organic forms.


Solid forms or geometrical forms:  such as cube, cuboids, sphere, pyramid, cone, octagon, and the list goes on. They are known as geometrical forms because they were intended to be that way, they were design to be persist and if divided equally meets up symmetrically to each other.

 Un-even forms or organic forms:  is an abstract form with no symmetry to any part of the object.  The form is free, no exact degree at any corner, and design in a spontaneous way.


These are the two important forms that are strong in design. These two are dominant in the designs of houses and shelters. These designs were derived from combining simple geometrical forms together to create new forms or subtracting them to create space or different forms to accommodate or to create function. At times organic forms were used in buildings to create a statement and also to start a new bold revolution in contrast of the norm. It’s all up to the theme needed to be presented in the design where the design should be able to tell a story or to relate to the occupant. It should be strong and forms in architecture made it possible to be one with the owner or a theme it is intended to thus creating a sense of belonging.

Other forms include:

Positive and Negative Forms,


Negative                                                               Positive

Subtracting and Adding forms


Touching and Separated Forms


Positive Forms is the form that is within an area, as it stands out

Negative Forms is the form of the area around the form that stands out.

Subtracted Forms is a subtraction, division, deduction or cutting of an area out if the original state of the form that produced a new form.

Additional Forms is the opposite of Subtracted Form and this include adding, multiplying, dumping, piling etc to form a new object.

Touching Forms is perceived when 2 different objects meet at one point on each other’s side. This connection creates a new form as they are now one. It could also mean when an object is seen through from another object, the combination of this creates a new form.

Separated Forms is when a group of forms were put together at a base and some of these forms were move from its original position thus creating a shift of forms from every perspective angle and this separation is called separated Forms (this is different from subtraction forms where an object is subtracted, in separation objects were moved away from each other and the form that is seen is larger then just one object)

the use of form to create space for living…


8 01 2008

Design is a vital aspect in Architecture. It holds the purpose to relay an idea and also to showcase the perception or the theme it is intended to. Design does not solely involve the structure and facade of a building but design covers all aspects from the foundation to the tip of the roof and finishes in a building. Every detail has to be taken great consideration to create a building with a signature style and identity. Every building is unique in its own way and architects will go to great lengths to create a building like no other. Design involves the prospects of human form and proportion, comfort, space, form and technicality. The main purpose of this consideration is to provide comfort to the inhabitants. Having a maximum space or height and also form of space can create a different feel, Architects designs the building to accommodate these considerations, to provide a good feel and also to serve the occupants for as long as possible.


8 01 2008

What is Architecture?

Architecture is a field that plays a vital role in our society.  Architecture is the base for the development of humanity as it focused on the shelter that we depend to survive. It influenced the thinking and perception on how the dwellings are and should be. This is a very powerful field and the relation to the society is beyond perception but to the foundation of culture. Architecture made it possible to live a comfortable life, as a projection of a view, to tell a story about a civilization and to start a revolution. Architecture is not to be taken lightly as its influence lasts for generations later as it is the one surviving object that states the culture and will be used as an inspiration for designs and concepts to come.  Architecture is a world of beauty and infinity. Supported by science and grazed with art, this marriage of science and art that created Architecture sends a strong signal that it is the basic of what we relay on, to live and the possibilities it generate are endless. It’s an infinity world of beauty and usefulness from simple objects to extra-ordinary pieces that changes the world. Architecture is technology and without architecture all our knowledge and intelligence will be an object of myth. This is the one field that shows our progression and to make us feel comfortable as architecture’s main purpose is to serve humans where it makes our life easier, smoother and to create a space for living at its best.

Hello world!

8 01 2008

Welcome to my architecture blog . . .

its meant to educate folks on the Design, Form and Concept of Architecture

Discussions are welcome. . . leave a comment:)